Beginner Guide to Programming with insight to Career Paths

There is no doubt that almost every industry in our world is undergoing Digital Transformation. The backbone of this is software and with that comes the ever-increasing demand of programmers in almost all organizations of the world. It is crucial for one to have knowledge regarding the fundamentals of IT education so that he or she can move forward in their career.

With that being said, if you are looking to start off in this field, you need to learn about programming. This guide will give you a rundown of different paths of programmers and how you can enter and excel in each different field:

What You Will Be Doing?

  • Gather requirements from clients and document them — Software Requirements Engineer
  • Code the software from scratch — Software Engineer/Developer
  • Manage the software development team — Scrum Master/Project Manager
  • Deploy the software — Deployment Engineer
  • Test the software for bugs — Quality Assurance Engineer/Software Tester

Those 5 above generally cover almost all of the operations which can be performed by programmers within an organization. Based on them, we can define different career paths that you can take to attain any one of the above-listed roles.

But I Know Zero Programming?

I recommend you take a good look at the following programming languages if you want to start off with programming:

Python is one of the easiest programming languages out there that can land you a very lucrative career. Being used for automation and data science, Python is being used in a lot of sectors. Even in Web Development, Django which is a Python-based framework is being used which shows that you can multiple career options based on what you choose.

On the other hand, Java is used for Desktop and Mobile app development. It is a robust programming language in which you can build robust apps based on your own preference. So if you are interested in creating solutions for yourself, Java is one way to go.

There are various other languages too but I recommend you choose either one of these to get started. I have an extensive array of Python tutorials to help you get started with it, be sure to check them out!

Different Career Paths for Programmers:

Machine Learning Engineer

Recommended Languages to start with: Python, R

Web Developer

Recommended Languages for Front-end: HTML5 , CSS, JavaScript, Bootstrap, React

Recommended Languages for Back-end: PHP, Django

Mobile App Developer

Recommended Languages for Android: Java, Kotlin, Flutter

Recommended Languages for iOS: Swift, React Native

Game Developer

Recommended Software Development Kits: Unity3D, Unreal Engine

QA Engineer

Recommended Programming Languages: Python (Selenium)

I Am Not A Math Geek

Recommended Topics:

  1. Data Types
  2. Operators
  3. Loops
  4. Conditionals
  5. Arrays
  6. Functions
  7. Classes
  8. Data Structures
  9. Sorting
  10. Project (make a complex program based on concepts you have learned)


Originally published at on May 29, 2020.

An expert developer, mentor, and coach. He is a software engineer by education and entrepreneur by profession.